The Indigenous cultures of Costa Rica Costa Rica’s native history is not as prominent as it is in other Latin American cultures and even others simply in Central America. Today, Costa Rica is strongly shaped by its Spanish impacts as well as Catholicism. However some influences still remain and some people are still occupying Costa Rica to this day. Costa Rica has actually been populated as far back as 5000 years BC by indigenous people. There were numerous migrations and affects from the Aztecs of Mexico to the Mayas and the
Incas of Peru. The native population was little compared to the large Pre-Columbian civilizations found throughout Latin America. In truth, some historians argue that today culture of this country was mainly founded upon these more dominant indigenous cultures. You see evidence of the indigenous influences in arts and crafts available throughout Costa Rica in the form of handmade ceramics, ornaments, and precious jewelry. The most extraordinary and quixotic artifacts left by Costa Rica’s forefathers are the astonishing stone spheres discovered near Palmar Norte and Palmar Sur in Corcovado. The most prominent indigenous tribes are the Bribris,
the Borucas, the Cabecares, the Huetares, the Malekus and the Chorotegas. Similar to a lot of native people, their numbers are decreasing as their customs and lands are taken over by contemporary societies. The couple of staying members of these tribes are trying to hold on to their custom-mades and old way of living, although this is getting harder to maintain, and live in little towns in remote regions of the nation. However luckily, rights for the native people have been put on the program and travelers can support them by visiting their towns and people. The Discovery of Costa Rica As the story goes, Christopher Columbus arrived at a little island located by Limon in 1502, and”found “Costa Rica. Well, that might please Spanish historians, however it is not actually what happened in this episode of Costa Rica history. In 1502, Christopher Columbus reached Limon being lost. Costa Rica
already existed. It was here the whole time and Costa Rica found Europeans in 1502! Limon was rapidly deserted in favor of the Central Valley, however, partially due to the heat and humidity. The native cultures ran away to the Talamanca range of mountains where they remain to this day. In 1522, the colonists called the land Costa Rica, suggesting Rich Coast, in the hope that they were going to discover gold in its hills. Which they didn’t. When it became apparent that the rich coast was poorer than its neighbors, the colonists changed their focus to agricultural advancement. Banana and coffee plantations As the landowners were rather poor and separated from the Spanish Colonial centers of Mexico, Guatemala, and the Andes, and due to the fact that there were very couple of indigenous workforce to assist, the first Costa Rican settlers soon turned into a self-governing and private agrarian society. By the start of the 19th century, the cultivation of bananas brought in a lot
of wealth and coffee soon followed. Development exposes history: The Guayabo National Monolith< img data-src="https://images.costarica.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/02/guayabo-national-monument-250x175.jpg"alt="Guayabo National Monolith "width ="250 "height="175" src ="https://images.costarica.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/placeholder-final.png"/ > While settlers were clearing land for coffee plantations in the late 1800’s, they came across an archeological website that stays among Costa Rica’s most famous ones today. The Guayabo National Monolith
is shrouded in secret to this day but does reveal the presence of an ancient society of some elegance. At its peak, around 10.000 people used to live in this ancient city . It is believed that the first settlers concerned these parts around 1000 BC and had produced a busy city by 800 AD. Why they vanished is still unidentified. Costa Rica Independence< img data-src =" https://images.costarica.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/08/Independence-Header.jpg "alt= "Costa Rica Independence Day"width ="1255"height =" 335 "src ="https://images.costarica.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/12/placeholder-final.png
“/ > The Most important part of Costa Rican History
Accomplishing Self-reliance was one of the most essential occasions in Costa Rica history. Unlike a number of its next-door neighbors, nevertheless, the Ticos handled to do it without bloodshed or revolution. While this reality is certainly a blessing, it does not suggest that it was a simple procedure. In fact, they needed to win their flexibility not when but twice! In the first round, they broke free from the guideline of Spain. In the second round, they attained full self-reliance within Central America.
Read more about Costa Rica Independenceand the long yet interesting roadway Costa Ricans took to get there!
William Walker The Filibuster and Juan Santamaria The Hero
The newly made self-reliance and roadway to democracy was to get a couple more blows prior to reaching stability. The first came in 1855 with the arrival of William Walker. The majority of us have become aware of self-declared 19th century leader William Walker however we do not always know the details of his relationship to Costa Rica. His aspirations to turn Central America into slaving territory,
The President of Costa Rica at the time of William Walker’s arrival, Juan Rafael Mora, combined a makeshift army of peasants to eliminate the far more greatly armed enemy. Walker and his army got into the Guanacaste province at the now Santa Rosa National Park and the Costa Rican army expelled and followed them into Rivas, Nicaragua.
It is here that the enemy made their mistake; Walker and his army took protection in a wood fort. The young Juan Santamaria bravely volunteered to burn down the fort.
This act alone turned the young Juan Santamaria into a national hero who is still commemorated each year and even remembered through the name of Alajuela‘s airport: San Juan Santamaria International Airport.
Costa Rica and the Roadway to Democracy
These events were followed by a period of peace and prosperity till 1917, when fro two years General Federico Tinoco Granados had power as a military dictator. Later on in 1948, Jose Figueres started a civil war in which 2000 people passed away; the war just lasted 44 days and was the bloodiest occasion ever to take place in Costa Rica. The victorious junta, nevertheless, led to a constitution that paved the way to free elections with universal suffrage and the total abolition of the army. Figueres ended up being a national hero when Costa Rica disbanded its army in 1949. Because that day, Costa Rica has been investing in education, natural heritage and developing techniques for supporting workers’ rights.